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Expert Periodontal Disease Treatment

Periodontal Disease Treatment and Aftercare

The term "periodontal" means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition, which affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth, and also the jawbone itself when in its most advanced stages. Our Brooklyn dentists know exactly how to remove plaque and tartar with routine cleaning, but if not addressed and cared for, periodontal disease will result in tooth loss.

If you're experiencing red, swollen and bleeding gums, periodontal disease may likely be the culprit. Four out of five people suffer from periodontal disease and don't know it! With our professional and friendly Brooklyn dental staff on the job, you can take comfort in knowing that we'll work hard to stave off further infection! Here are some more warning signs for periodontal disease:

  • Loose teeth: caused by bone lose or weakened fibers that support the tooth to the bone.
  • New spaces between teeth: caused by bone loss.
  • Bleeding gums: Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
  • Chronic bad breath: caused by bacteria in the mouth
  • Pus around the teeth and gums: A sign of an infection
  • Receding gums: Loss of gum around a tooth
  • Tenderness or discomfort: Plaque, calculus and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.

Our Periodontal Disease Evaluation

When you visit our Brooklyn dentists, we'll give you a full periodontal examination, which is part of your regular dental checkup. We'll probe and measure the space between your teeth and gums, and check for bleeding, inflammation and tooth mobility to see if you're suffering from either gingivitis, periodontitis or advanced periodontitis.

  • Gingivitis: This is the first stage of periodontal disease, where plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums. In this stage, your gums are tender, inflamed and likely to bleed.
  • Periodontitis: When plaque has hardened into tartar and builds up, the gums will begin to pull away from your teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth, and become filled with bacteria and pus in this stage.
  • Advanced Periodontitis: As teeth lose more support, the gums, bone and periodontal fibers are further destroyed. Unless you receive treatment from our Brooklyn dental professionals, your teeth will become very loose and will fall out. You may also experience moderate to severe bone loss in this stage.

Upon visiting our Brooklyn dentist office, we'll evaluate the severity of your periodontal disease and determine the best course of action. If caught in the early stages of gingivitis, your gums and teeth will benefit greatly with just one to two regular cleanings! We'll also instruct you on how to improve your daily oral hygiene regimen to prevent future periodontal disease.

Treatment for Periodontal Disease

There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments the periodontist may choose to perform, depending upon the exact condition of the teeth, gums and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.

Here are some of the more common treatments for periodontal disease:

  • Scaling and root planning: In order to preserve the health of the gum tissue, the bacteria and calculus (tartar), which initially caused the infection, must be removed. The gum pockets will be cleaned and treated with antibiotics as necessary to help alleviate the infection. A prescription mouthwash may be incorporated into daily cleaning routines.
  • Tissue regeneration: When the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed, re-growth can be actively encouraged using grafting procedures. A membrane may be inserted into the affected areas to assist in the regeneration process.
  • Pocket elimination surgery: Pocket elimination surgery (also known as flap surgery) is a surgical treatment, which can be performed to reduce the pocket size between the teeth and gums. Surgery on the jawbone is another option, which serves to eliminate indentations in the bone, which foster the colonization of bacteria.
  • Dental implants: When teeth have been lost due to periodontal disease, the aesthetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by implanting prosthetic teeth into the jawbone. Tissue regeneration procedures may be required prior to the placement of a dental implant in order to strengthen the bone.

Keeping Your Teeth Strong and Healthy

Good oral hygiene practices and periodontal cleanings are essential in maintaining dental health and keeping periodontal disease under control. Contact our Brooklyn dental practice today to schedule an appointment or if you have additional questions about periodontal disease prevention.